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Weekly Wheat Update

Weekly Wheat Update

Every Wednesday during the growing season (generally April through September), the North Dakota Wheat Commission issues a weekly wheat report report to update buyers on growing conditions, yield potential, crop health, disease concerns, quality, etc.  The Commission utilizes the USDA NASS weekly crop progress reports and crop reports from producers, elevators, extension agents and agronomists to develop the report.

Weekly Wheat Update April 20, 2021

Minimal progress was made last week across the state planting the spring wheat and durum crops as cooler temperatures and scattered precipitation limited fieldwork.  Much of the precipitation that was received last week was in the form of snow that did little to improve soil moisture conditions in the driest areas of the state.  Other producers report that the moisture was a good start, but more will be needed to carry the crop through.  This week’s USDA crop progress report for North Dakota indicates that about 80 percent of the state is still reporting short to very short subsoil and topsoil moisture conditions.  As the map below shows, moisture this spring is well behind normal, with the exception of the far southeastern corner of the state.  For many producers the trend of below normal precipitation extends as far back as last summer.

The U.S. Drought Monitor indicates that most of North Dakota is still experiencing severe to extreme drought conditions.
About 20 percent of the U.S. spring wheat crop has been planted, compared to 7 percent last year and the five-year average of 12 percent.  South Dakota is most advanced with 46 percent of the crop in the ground.  Completion rates in the other major producing states range from 10-15 percent.  Planting progress across the region is ahead of average, despite the slowdown last week.  Planting of the durum crop in North Dakota is reported at 7 percent complete.  The forecast for the coming week indicates warming temperatures as we get closer to the weekend and should allow producers to get back in the field.  Producers in extremely dry areas are making decisions on whether to plant in dry soils and hope for rain or wait and see if precipitation is in the forecast for the next couple of weeks.  Some producers are reporting that wheat that has been planted is slow to germinate due to dry conditions and cooler temperatures.
Wheat Planted by State
4/18/21 Last Week Last Year 5 yr. Avg
ND Spring 13 8 0 5
ND Durum 7 3 n/a n/a
Minnesota 10 7 1 8
Montana 15 6 3 12
South Dakota 46 30 9 26
U.S. 19 11 7 12
As of April 18, 2021

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