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2022 U.S. HRS and Northern Durum Crops overcome spring challenges, produce strong yields and very good quality

By: Jim Peterson
Posted: Nov 15 2022

2022 U.S. HRS and Northern Durum Crops overcome spring challenges, produce strong yields and very good quality

The production regions for U.S. hard red spring and northern durum had significantly improved growing season conditions compared to 2021, resulting in higher regional yields and production, although areas of lingering drought impacted production in some areas.  Significant planting delays, due to a cold, wet spring, elevated yield and quality concerns early.  However, the moisture proved beneficial in boosting production, and potential quality impacts from a late harvest were negated by a near ideal harvest season. 

The U.S. HRS crop averages a No. 1 Northern Spring with high average test weights, little to no damage or DON issues and very sound kernels.  Crop average protein is high with a good distribution across protein levels, although protein is lower than both 2021 and the 5-year average. Laboratory testing of the milled flour is revealing a crop with strong dough properties, high absorption and good bake qualities.   

The Northern U.S. durum crop averages a No. 1 Hard Amber Durum, with high test weights, very high vitreous kernel levels, little to no damage, and very sound kernels.  Crop average protein is lower than 2021 and the 5-year average, due to well above average yields in the major production area.  Lab evaluation of the semolina and pasta indicates excellent color, with slightly less cooked firmness compared to last year.  

The survey data is based on HRS and durum samples collected direct from producers, by the state offices of the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), and the North Dakota Extension Service. Analysis of the samples for kernel, bread and pasta parameters was provided by the wheat quality labs at North Dakota State University.  Electronic copies can be accessed at www.ndwheat.com.

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